Recombinant Mouse VCAM1 Protein (His Tag)

Beta LifeScience SKU/CAT #: BLPSN-4764

Recombinant Mouse VCAM1 Protein (His Tag)

Beta LifeScience SKU/CAT #: BLPSN-4764
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Product Overview

Tag His
Host Species Mouse
Accession NP_035823.3
Synonym CD106, Vcam-1
Background Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), also known as CD16, is a cell surface sialoglycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Two forms of VCAM-1 with either six or seven extracellular Ig-like domains are generated by alternative splicing, with the longer form predominant. VCAM-1 is an endothelial ligand for very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) and alpha4β7 integrin expressed on leukocytes, and thus mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and signal transduction. VCAM-1 expression is induced on endothelial cells during inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, allograft rejection, infection, and asthmatic responses. During these responses, VCAM-1 forms a scaffold for leukocyte migration. VCAM-1 also activates signals within endothelial cells resulting in the opening of an "endothelial cell gate" through which leukocytes migrate. VCAM-1 has been identified as a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic target, the hypothesis being that reduced expression of VCAM-1 will slow the development of atherosclerosis. In addition, VCAM-1-activated signals in endothelial cells are regulated by cytokines indicating that it is important to consider both endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression and function during inflammatory processes.Immune CheckpointImmunotherapyCancer ImmunotherapyTargeted Therapy
Description A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain (Met 1-Glu 698) of mouse VCAM1 (NP_035823.3) was fused with the a His tag at the C-terminus.
Source HEK293
Predicted N Terminal Phe 25
AA Sequence Met 1-Glu 698
Molecular Weight The secreted recombinant mouse VCAM1 consists of 685 a.a. and has a predicted molecular mass of 75.8 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rmVCAM1 is approximately 90-100 kDa due to glycosylation.
Purity >97% as determined by SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin < 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Bioactivity Measured by the ability of the immobilized protein to support adhesion of U937 human histiocytic lymphoma cells. When 5 x 10E4 cells/well are added to mouse VCAM1 coated plates (10 ug/ml with 100 ul/well), approximately 70%-80% cells will adhere after 1 hour at RT.
Formulation Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.
Stability The recombinant proteins are stable for up to 1 year from date of receipt at -70°C.
Usage For Research Use Only
Storage Store the protein under sterile conditions at -20°C to -80°C. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

FAQs

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Proteins are sensitive to heat, and freeze-drying can preserve the activity of the majority of proteins. It improves protein stability, extends storage time, and reduces shipping costs. However, freeze-drying can also lead to the loss of the active portion of the protein and cause aggregation and denaturation issues. Nonetheless, these adverse effects can be minimized by incorporating protective agents such as stabilizers, additives, and excipients, and by carefully controlling various lyophilization conditions.

Commonly used protectant include saccharides, polyols, polymers, surfactants, some proteins and amino acids etc. We usually add 8% (mass ratio by volume) of trehalose and mannitol as lyoprotectant. Trehalose can significantly prevent the alter of the protein secondary structure, the extension and aggregation of proteins during freeze-drying process; mannitol is also a universal applied protectant and fillers, which can reduce the aggregation of certain proteins after lyophilization.

Our protein products do not contain carrier protein or other additives (such as bovine serum albumin (BSA), human serum albumin (HSA) and sucrose, etc., and when lyophilized with the solution with the lowest salt content, they often cannot form A white grid structure, but a small amount of protein is deposited in the tube during the freeze-drying process, forming a thin or invisible transparent protein layer.

Reminder: Before opening the tube cap, we recommend that you quickly centrifuge for 20-30 seconds in a small centrifuge, so that the protein attached to the tube cap or the tube wall can be aggregated at the bottom of the tube. Our quality control procedures ensure that each tube contains the correct amount of protein, and although sometimes you can't see the protein powder, the amount of protein in the tube is still very precise.

To learn more about how to properly dissolve the lyophilized recombinant protein, please visit Lyophilization FAQs.

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