Recombinant Human DKKL1 Protein (Fc Tag)

Beta LifeScience SKU/CAT #: BLPSN-1623

Recombinant Human DKKL1 Protein (Fc Tag)

Beta LifeScience SKU/CAT #: BLPSN-1623
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Product Overview

Tag Fc
Host Species Human
Accession Q9UK85
Synonym CT34, SGY, SGY-1, SGY1
Background Dickkopf-like 1 (DKKL1) or soggy 1, is a glycoprotein unique to mammals that is expressed primarily in developing spermatocytes and localized in the acrosome of mature sperm. It is also expressed in the trophectoderm / placental lineage. This glycoprotein is secreted by postmeiotic male germ cells. DKKL1 is a member of the Dickkopf (DKK) family, a group of proteins that are characterized as secreted antagonists of Wnt signal transduction proteins. In mammals, embryos lacking DKKL1 protein developed into viable, fertile adults. DKKL1, either directly or indirectly, facilitates the ability of sperm to penetrate the zona pellucid. DKKL1 is related to the sperm apoptotic procession. Molecular analyses identified the Fas death ligand (FasL) as a target for DkkL1 pro-apoptotic activity in adult mice. DKKL1 is considered as a negative regulator of adult testic homeostasis and identifies a novel, DKKL1 / FasL- dependent, regulation that specifically controls the number of postpubertal spermatocytes.
Description A DNA sequence encoding the secreted form of human DKKL1 (Q9UK85) (Ala 31-Leu 242) was expressed with the fused Fc region of human IgG1 at the N-terminus.
Source HEK293
Predicted N Terminal Glu
AA Sequence Ala 31-Leu 242
Molecular Weight The recombinant human DKKL1/Fc chimera is a disulfide-linked homodimeric protein. The reduced monomer consists of 472 a.a. and has a predicted molecular mass of 52.4 kDa. rhDKKL1/Fc monomer migrates as an approximately 60 kDa protein in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Purity >70% as determined by SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin < 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Bioactivity Measured by its ability to inhibit proliferation of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells. The ED50 for this effect is typically 5-15 ug/ml.
Formulation Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.
Stability The recombinant proteins are stable for up to 1 year from date of receipt at -70°C.
Usage For Research Use Only
Storage Store the protein under sterile conditions at -20°C to -80°C. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

FAQs

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Proteins are sensitive to heat, and freeze-drying can preserve the activity of the majority of proteins. It improves protein stability, extends storage time, and reduces shipping costs. However, freeze-drying can also lead to the loss of the active portion of the protein and cause aggregation and denaturation issues. Nonetheless, these adverse effects can be minimized by incorporating protective agents such as stabilizers, additives, and excipients, and by carefully controlling various lyophilization conditions.

Commonly used protectant include saccharides, polyols, polymers, surfactants, some proteins and amino acids etc. We usually add 8% (mass ratio by volume) of trehalose and mannitol as lyoprotectant. Trehalose can significantly prevent the alter of the protein secondary structure, the extension and aggregation of proteins during freeze-drying process; mannitol is also a universal applied protectant and fillers, which can reduce the aggregation of certain proteins after lyophilization.

Our protein products do not contain carrier protein or other additives (such as bovine serum albumin (BSA), human serum albumin (HSA) and sucrose, etc., and when lyophilized with the solution with the lowest salt content, they often cannot form A white grid structure, but a small amount of protein is deposited in the tube during the freeze-drying process, forming a thin or invisible transparent protein layer.

Reminder: Before opening the tube cap, we recommend that you quickly centrifuge for 20-30 seconds in a small centrifuge, so that the protein attached to the tube cap or the tube wall can be aggregated at the bottom of the tube. Our quality control procedures ensure that each tube contains the correct amount of protein, and although sometimes you can't see the protein powder, the amount of protein in the tube is still very precise.

To learn more about how to properly dissolve the lyophilized recombinant protein, please visit Lyophilization FAQs.

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